react-native-responsive-image-view

React Native component for scaling an Image within the parent View

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The problem

You want to display an image in your React Native app that fills the width of its container and scales its height according to the aspect ratio of the image. If you’re coming from front-end web development, you may be familiar with Bootstrap 3’s img-responsive class or manually applying max-width: 100% and height: auto to an image. Unfortunately, auto is not a valid value for height in React Native, so that technique doesn’t quite translate.

This solution

This calculates the aspect ratio of your image for you (or uses a fixed value, if you supply one) and provides you with the appropriate props to apply to a View container and an Image inside it which will produce the results you’re looking for. The secret sauce is setting both the height and width attributes of the style prop on the Image to 100% and wrapping it with a View that has its aspectRatio style property set to match the aspect ratio you want. The package provides both a render prop component and a custom hook.

Table of Contents

Installation

Using yarn:

yarn add react-native-responsive-image-view

Or, npm:

npm install react-native-responsive-image-view

This package also depends on reactprop-types, and react-native. Please make sure you have those installed as well.

Usage

As mentioned above, this package includes both a render prop component (the default export) and a custom hook (a named export). They provide the same functionality, so choose whichever is most appropriate for your project.

Component

import React from 'react';
import { Image, View } from 'react-native';
import ResponsiveImageView from 'react-native-responsive-image-view';

export default ({ imageUri }) => (
  <ResponsiveImageView source={{ uri: imageUri }}>
    {({ getViewProps, getImageProps }) => (
      <View {...getViewProps()}>
        <Image {...getImageProps()} />
      </View>
    )}
  </ResponsiveImageView>
);

N.B. This component doesn’t render anything itself, it just calls your render function or injected component and renders that. “Use a render prop!” Just be sure to render the Image inside the View in your render function.

In addition to a literal render prop, it also supports the component injection and function-as-children patterns if you prefer. See the Render Prop Function section for details.

Hook

import React from 'react';
import { Image, View } from 'react-native';
import { useResponsiveImageView } from 'react-native-responsive-image-view';

export default ({ imageUri }) => {
  const { getViewProps, getImageProps } = useResponsiveImageView({
    source: { uri: imageUri },
  });

  return (
    <View {...getViewProps()}>
      <Image {...getImageProps()} />
    </View>
  );
};

Input

The component takes its inputs as individual props, while the hook takes its inputs as an object (the only parameter), but the inputs themselves are primarily the same:

Basic Inputs

onLoad

function() | optional, no useful default

Called after the image has been loaded (and the aspect ratio has been calculated).

onError

function(error: string) | optional, no useful default

Called if the image could not be loaded. Called with the error message in the form of a string.

  • error: the error message as a string

source

number/object | required

The source for your Image. This can be a local file resource (the result of an import or require statement) or an object containing a uri key with a remote URL as its value.

Advanced Inputs

aspectRatio

number | control prop, default: automatically calculated from image dimensions

By default, react-native-responsive-image-view manages this value internally based on the dimensions of the source image. However, if more control is needed, you can pass in a fixed aspect ratio to use instead. This is useful if you want to fit the image into a statically shaped box such as a navigation drawer header.

Component-only Inputs

Render Prop Function

This is where you render whatever you want to based on the state of react-native-responsive-image-view when using the component (not applicable when using the hook). It’s just a function or component, available in a few different ways. Read Donavon West’s very opinionated but informative post about them for more information. They all receive the same props, so it is purely a stylistic choice left up to you as the consumer.

// component injection
<ResponsiveImageView component={/* right here */} />

// render prop
<ResponsiveImageView render={/* right here */} />

// function-as-children
<ResponsiveImageView>
  {/* right here */}
</ResponsiveImageView>

Choose your approach by passing one of the following props:

component

component | optional

This is rendered with an object passed in as props. Read more about the properties of this object in the Output section.

render

function({}) | optional

This is called with an object. Read more about the properties of this object in the Output section.

children

function({}) | optional

This is called with an object. Read more about the properties of this object in the Output section.

N.B. Multiple render methods should not be combined, but in the event that they are, react-native-responsive-image-viewwill honor the following order:

  1. component
  2. render
  3. function as children
  4. non-functional children (render children normally)
  5. null (render nothing)

Output

Regardless of whether you are using the component or the hook, the results are an object containing important properties you’ll need for rendering. It will be passed to the Render Prop Function when using the component, and returned from the hook invocation when using the hook. The properties of this object can be split into two categories as indicated below:

prop getters

See this blog post about prop getters

These functions are used to apply props to the elements that you render. This gives you maximum flexibility to render what, when, and wherever you like. You call these on the element in question (for example: <View {...getViewProps()})). It’s advisable to pass all your props to that function rather than applying them on the element yourself to avoid your props being overridden (or overriding the props returned). For example: getViewProps({ hitSlop: myHitSlop }).

propertytypedescription
getViewPropsfunction({})returns the props you should apply to the View (parent of Image) you render
getImagePropsfunction({})returns the props you should apply to the Image (child of View) you render

getViewProps

This method should be applied to the View you render. It is recommended that you pass all props as an object to this method which will compose together any of the props you need to apply to the View while preserving the ones that react-native-responsive-image-view needs to apply to make the View behave.

There are no required properties for this method.

getImageProps

This method should be applied to the Image you render. It is recommended that you pass all props as an object to this method which will compose together any of the props you need to apply to the Image while preserving the ones thatreact-native-responsive-image-view needs to apply to make the Image behave.

There are no required properties for this method.

state

These are values that represent the current state of the component.

propertytypedescription
loadingbooleanwhether or not the image is currently loading
errorstringan error message if the image failed to load ('' on success)

Examples

See the examples directory for examples using both the component and the hook.

Snack Playground

Check out the Snack Playground for an interactive experience where you can try out the various usage patterns. You can see the code run live on your own device via the Expo client, or enable the Preview option to use the in-browser simulators!

Inspiration

I was heavily inspired by react-native-flex-image from KodeFox (see the Other Solutions section) with regards to how to display the image to get the desired behavior. The original implementation and API were primarily inspired by Michael Jackson‘s “Use a Render Prop!” post and video, as well as Kent C. Dodds‘ introduction to prop getters.

Other Solutions

After scouring npm for solutions and trying most (if not all) of them, the best option I found was the following:

Unfortunately, it is too restrictive for my use cases. It renders the magic <View><Image /></View> combination for you, preventing you from customizing the layout. For example, it provides an onPress prop if you want to make the Imagetouchable, but it wraps the Image in a TouchableOpacity (what if I wanted a TouchableHighlight instead?). It also renders its own loading indicator (an ActivityIndicator) as well as error messages (as Text). At the end of the day, these features proved to be too opinionated.

LICENSE

MIT